In the past, concrete flooring was only seen in commercial and industrial buildings; however, today many homeowners are switching to concrete flooring instead of carpet due to the allergens that can live in carpet. Those that desire to create a stunning concrete floor in their homes can now follow easy steps to change the entire look and feel of their home or even just one room.
Before getting started on a concrete floor staining do-it-yourself home renovation project there are things that must be considered as not all concrete flooring is a good candidate for staining. If the concrete floor has never seen any type of flooring, the project will more than likely be easier, if not the old flooring will need to be removed. Then comes the condition of the concrete. In most cases, if there was flooring on top of the concrete there is no need to worry if muriatic acid was used to clean the floor; however, if carpet or tile was glued to the concrete there may be stains or even shadows left in the concrete. The concrete will also need to be tested to ensure that there was no type of seal used before the flooring is applied.
Once the concrete has been examined, it will be easy to determine the type of stain that can be used to create a beautiful floor. There are two types of stains that can be used for do-it-yourself concrete floor staining home renovation projects which are water based and acid based. Water based stain is a bit more consistent as it will not interact with the concrete. Once the stain has completely dried the coating, according to the stain that is chosen, will be opaque or translucent. The main problem with water based stain is that it will fade with time, especially in high traffic areas. Water based stains come in an array of colors and are also eco-friendly.
Acid based stains are not coatings like water based stains. Acid based stains penetrate the concrete and react with the minerals and lime found in the concrete. The reaction brings on colored oxides which will give a translucent color with only a few colors available including vivid blue or earthy tones. However, for those that are creative and can apply the stain artistically, they can create a floor with a marble effect. The main problem with acid stain is that homeowners will be working with dangerous chemicals, so the manufacturer instructions must be followed exactly word for word to avoid accidents. Acid based stains should not be used on floors that have been washed with any acid based material, any flooring that has been treated with any type of sealant, or any flooring that has had tile or carpet glued to the surface. Homeowners that still wish to use acid based stain on the floors that are not recommended for this type of stain can place a thin layer of concrete over the existing floor in order to use acid based stain.